World Heart Day 2018: How To Prevent Heart Disease At Any Age


Cardiovascular disease or heart disease is the leading cause of death in India with a 34 per cent increase in the number of deaths between 1990 and 2016. Ischemic heart disease and coronary artery disease were estimated to account for around 15-20 per cent and 6-9 per cent of all deaths in India and the US.

Heart attacks are said to be more severe in women than men. Though, the risk of heart attack rises when you reach your 50s, there are chances that you might get a heart attack in your 20s too. In this article, we will discuss the risk of heart disease in women and how to prevent it.

The earlier you start taking preventive methods, the higher the chances to keep your heart healthy. According to the American Heart Association, 80 per cent of heart disease is preventable.

When you are young, you are less likely to have cholesterol build-up in the arteries due to the plentiful oestrogen in the body. According to the American Heart Association, oestrogen is a powerful hormone that helps to keep your arteries flexible and lower the blood cholesterol.
But, unhealthy lifestyle factors such as smoking, lack of exercise and obesity can increase the rate of heart attack. However, more often, one might not notice that a heart attack will strike a healthy individual without any warning.

When you are in your 40s, the risk of heart attack generally remains low until and unless you have entered the menopause phase. After menopause, there is an increase in heart disease risk due to the loss of oestrogen, bad cholesterol and blood pressure rises and the good cholesterol starts declining which eventually sets the stage for atherosclerosis.

According to the American Heart Association, by age 60 to 79 about 71 per cent of women have heart disease. At this age, the body tends to become weak and so the organs of the body start functioning slowly be it, men or women.

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