Migraines: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
There are certain health conditions that can have a detrimental effect on the quality of your life and migraines is one of them. You never know what can trigger them and they can last up to a day. If you have been suffering from poor quality of life due to migraines, there are a lot of things you can do to manage the condition. Read on to find out everything about migraines and how to prevent them.
Migraine is a severe type of headache, usually on one side of the head. The pain is intense and throbbing, often accompanied by other symptoms of nausea and weakness. While headaches are infrequent and tend to go away easily, migraines are recurring and tend to last for a longer duration, even days .
However, unlike headaches, migraines are usually caused by a trigger that is easily identifiable by the person suffering from a migraine . Also, migraine attacks have a particular pattern and are not as random as headaches.
Usually, the pain caused due to the migraines may have an effect on the other senses. There may be blurred vision, weak muscle activity or slurred speech. These are known as auras. There are some people who experience migraines without these auras as well.
Migraines are typically classified into the following three types.
Migraines that usually result in slurred speech and vision are called migraines with auras. These auras serve as a warning sign of an oncoming migraine attack. Some of the symptoms of an aura include, confusing thoughts, strange flights flashing, zigzag lines in the visual area, difficulty speaking, or sudden strange smells. The sense of vision is something that is often affected in people suffering from migraines with auras. They may be unable to see certain things in front of them. People who go through these auras often describe their vision to be affected by a bright light.
These types of migraines usually do not have any warning signs before having a migraine attack. A huge majority of people as high as 70% to 80% of migraine sufferers experience this type of migraine attacks.
Symptoms of a migraine may differ from person to person. These symptoms can start way before the headache and can last till the migraine attack subsides. Some common symptoms include the following:
Typically a migraine attack is divided into four different phases. Though usually, migraine sufferers go through each of the phases, it may not be necessary. The four phases of migraine are as follows:
You may experience this phase 12 -24 hours before the attack. Typical symptoms of this phase include food cravings, uncontrollable yawning and fluid retention. Some people may also experience mood swings or frequent urination.
In this phase, you will start experiencing bright lights or zigzag lines. You may also feel like needles piercing in your arms and legs. These symptoms are experienced before the attack in people suffering from migraines with aura.
Usually, a migraine is defined as a severe headache on one side of the head. However, there are people who suffer from migraine without a headache. The symptoms for them includes, sensitivity to light and sound and the constant sensation of vomiting.
This is the last stage of the migraine where the pain has subsided but the body feels weak and exhausted.
There are a lot of things that trigger a migraine attack in people. The most common causes include the following:
Sometimes, a CT scan or an MRI would be required to rule out any major health problems that may be causing the migraines .
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