Trochanteric Bursitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment


The primary function of the hip is to support the weight of the body while standing, walking or running. The hip joint, between the femur and acetabulum of the pelvis, is a ball and socket joint which is one of the largest and strongest joints in the human body.

One can get hip pain due to the inflammation of the bursa or trochanteric bursitis, a condition that affects the outer point of the thighbone, femur and the edge of the hip.

The human body has about 160 bursae, which are fluid-filled sacs that provide a cushion between the soft tissues and bones. They prevent the bones from abrasion against muscles and tendons . Each hip has two major bursae - the trochanteric bursa (outside the hip) and the iliopsoas bursa (inside the hip).

When the outer hip bursa becomes inflamed, you tend to have trochanteric bursitis, also known as trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) . The inflammation is caused when the hip is injured, overused or due to other reasons such as trauma, poor posture, overweight, bone spurs or calcium deposits, previous surgery, and other diseases or conditions like gout, thyroid, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.

Bursitis is the leading cause of hip, knee, elbow and knee pain .

The pain is usually worse at night when you are lying down for some time.

1. Disability
2. The inability to move your hip
3. Continuous pain disrupting your daily activity

A physical exam will be conducted by the doctor and the doctor will ask how long you have had the condition, what are the symptoms and whether any specific movements cause pain. He or she will check your medical history. The doctor will then feel the areas of bulging tissues on the hip that indicate trochanteric bursitis.

To check for abnormalities in the bursa the doctor will perform an X-ray, bone density scans and MRI.

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