Spongiotic Dermatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

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Spongiotic dermatitis can be termed as a type of dermatitis which is inflammation of the skin. In more clarity, spongiotic dermatitis is the way through which dermatitis develops. The condition makes the skin dry, itchy, red and cracked . Spongiotic dermatitis is the type of dermatitis when fluid build-ups develop in your skin, causing swelling between the cells in your skin. The condition can develop in any part of your body, often in one single spot or widespread. And is associated with atopic dermatitis or eczema as well .

[Source: Medical News Today]

The signs of the allergic condition are as follows , :

In extremely rare cases, spongiotic dermatitis can indicate a type of skin cancer known as cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

The allergic condition can be a sign of seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, atopic dermatitis and other types of skin allergies and reactions .

The most common causes of spongiotic dermatitis are as follows , :

The following aspects are identified as the risk factors pertaining to the condition , .

Considering the condition is a way through which dermatitis develops, the doctor will be required to take certain steps to understand the difference between spongiotic dermatitis and other types of dermatitis .

In some cases, the doctor will be able to diagnose the condition by examining the appearance of your skin. But in case of accurate and more precise diagnosis, a skin biopsy will be conducted so as to diagnose the spongiotic tissue in your dermatitis .

Biopsy: Under this diagnosis method, the doctor will remove a small sample of skin, which will be sent to a lab. Skin biopsy can be conducted in three different ways, such as, a excisional biopsy (the doctor will remove a sample of your skin with a scalpel to sample the tissue underneath your skin), shave biopsy (the doctor will remove samples of the top layer of your skin with a razor or similar tool) and punch biopsy (the doctor will remove a sample of the top layer of your skin and the fat just underneath using a tool called a skin punch) , .

The results will take a few days to a few weeks to return. The results may take even longer if more elaborative tests are to be done on the extracted samples.

Biopsy results: Apart from conducting a biopsy, the doctor will use your biopsy tests as a diagnosis method. The biopsy results will help the doctor understand whether the dermatitis tissue is spongiotic. The tissue will is examined for oedema (fluid build-up) and the severity of spongiosis .

Patch test: Under this test, the doctor will apply a small amount of irritant, so as to understand the type of infection. During a follow-up, the doctor will check the skin under the patch to see if you've had an allergic reaction to the irritant. A patch test help determines dermatitis causing substance .

Analysis and medication for the condition depend on the cause and symptoms. As there is no specific treatment for the condition, the treatment method aims at managing the symptoms , , .

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