Overactive Bladder: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment


Do you often feel the sudden urge to urinate that you find difficult to control? Well, then you might be having an overactive bladder leading to involuntary loss of urine, known as urge incontinence.

The person with an overactive bladder may feel embarrassed or isolate themselves, which could hamper their work and social life. But if you understand the condition and its cause, it will be easier to manage.

The proper functioning of the urinary bladder depends on a healthy urinary tract. Several conditions can affect the communication pathways between the nerves and bladder muscles and cause the bladder muscles to contract involuntarily. This involuntary contraction causes an overactive bladder where you feel the constant urge to urinate .

Some of the underlying causes of overactive bladder are the following:

The symptoms may vary from person to person. The frequent need to urinate can disrupt your work activity .

Overactive bladder is more common among women after menopause which can be the result of low oestrogen levels. The symptoms are urinating twice every night or at least eight times daily, and not being able to control urination. It can be treated with surgery, medicines and physical exercise .

Men also suffer from an overactive bladder with symptoms like experiencing urine leakage, not able to control urination and urinating up to eight times per day . It has been reported that in most men, the overactive bladder is the result of an enlarged prostate. An enlarged prostate is more common in older men and treating it will ease the symptoms .

Children are also likely to have an overactive bladder . The symptoms include accidental urination or urine leakage, frequent urge to urinate, urinating more than eight times a day and feeling of fullness in the bladder even after emptying it. As children get older, the symptoms start decreasing as they have better control on their bladder. However, if the symptoms remain the same, consult a doctor.

Overactive bladder can affect your quality of life where you might face anxiety issues, experience emotional distress or depression, sexual problems and sleep disturbances.

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