Hashimoto’s Disease: Symptoms, Risk Factors & Treatment


The human body has a security system which protects our health from diseases, by fighting disease-causing agents that enter the body or getting rid of the toxins which are produced inside the body. This security system of the human body is known as the immune system and it plays an important role in protecting your health.

When your immune system is not strong enough due to various factors like stress, side-effects of certain diseases or medications, unhealthy lifestyle, etc., you could be affected by a number of ailments, as your body's capacity to fight the disease is low.

In some cases, the immune system itself can attack your body to cause certain diseases and damage. Diseases which result from the immune system attacking your own body are known as the autoimmune diseases and they are rather common! Some of the most prevalent autoimmune diseases are rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis etc.

Have you ever heard of the Hashimoto's disease? Well, it is yet another autoimmune disease, which is lesser known.

Learn about the symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment for Hashimoto's disease below!

As we read earlier, Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disease where your immune system attacks one of the most important endocrine glands of the human body - the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland is a small endocrine gland, located at the base of your neck and this gland produces hormones which have certain important bodily functions, such as metabolism, growth and development of the human body.

Now, when the Hashimoto's disease causes the immune system to attack the thyroid glands, it can lead to an inflammation, which in turn causes thyroid diseases.

The inflammation caused by the Hashimoto's disease leads to an underactive thyroid gland(hypothyroidism) especially in middle-aged women. However, this autoimmune disease can affect men and women of any age.

Normally, the symptoms of Hashimoto's disease occur at the later stages, but some people do notice a swelling at the front part of their throat, which is a sign of this disease. The symptoms of Hashimoto's disease slowly, but progressively get worse over the years, if treatment is not given.

Some of the most common causes for Hashimoto's disease include:

Not treating Hashimoto's disease in time can lead to other major health complications such as:

Usually, the Hashimoto's disease is diagnosed with the help of hormone tests and antibody tests suggested by your doctor.

Treatment for Hashimoto's disease includes administering artificial hormones into the body, via medications, which can help regulate the production of thyroid hormones to reduce the symptoms.

பனைமரம் - Panaimaram