Eye Floaters: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Eye floaters are deposits or tiny specks that float into the field of vision. It is condensation in the vitreous humour - the material that fills the posterior part of your eyes. It appears like black or grey specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift when you move your eyes and can appear to dart when you try to look at them directly. It can stand out when you look at something bright such as the blue sky or a reflective object .
The floaters can be irritating and can cause disturbances, however, it does not interfere with your sight. If the size of the floater is big, it can cause a slight shadow over your vision, when exposed to bright lights. It can appear in one eye or both the eyes. It is not necessary that the eye floaters can interfere with your life as you can learn to live with it and ignore it. With time, you may not even notice its presence in your eyes . In most cases, the floaters develop as a sign of age-related changes as the vitreous inside your eyes becomes more liquidy .
Eye floaters are common in adults, and almost everyone gets it by the age of 70. It is extremely rare for children under 16 to develop eye floaters .
The signs which indicate that you may have it are as follows :
Go to your ophthalmologist or eye care provider if you notice the following :
These can also be an indication of severe conditions such as vitreous detachment, vitreous haemorrhage, retinal detachment and retinal tear.
It can be developed as a result of the ageing process, or due to certain diseases or conditions .
The following can increase your risk of floaters .
In order to understand and analyse the symptoms, the ophthalmologist will ask you questions related to it. After that, the doctor will carry out eye examinations to check the following :
Once the above is carried out, the ophthalmologist will place drops in the eyes to dilate the pupils to examine the retina and vitreous with bright lights from an ophthalmoscope, which will be mounted on the head of the doctor .
Most cases of the condition, that is, the benign ones do not require any treatment. Although it can be frustrating, you can get used to it with time. If it is irritating you or getting in your field of vision, move your eyes as this will shift the fluid around. Looking up and them down is helpful to clear your area of vision , , .
In the case of too many eye floaters, your doctor may suggest you get surgery.
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