Digital Myxoid Cyst: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment


A digital myxoid cyst is a benign and small lump or swelling that usually develops at the base of fingernails or toenails. These non-cancerous lumps are also termed as digital mucous cyst or mucous pseudocyst. A myxoid cyst is usually not painful and in most cases, does not have any symptoms. Digital myxoid cysts are common and women are increasingly prone towards developing it when compared to that of men. Some myxoid cysts grow under the nail and can be very painful, but are rare , .

These benign growths are linked with osteoarthritis, with an estimated 64 per cent to 93 per cent of people with osteoarthritis have myxoid cysts. It mostly occurs between the ages of 40 and 70, although other cases have been reported too. These cysts are not signs of infections and do not spread from one individual to another .

One must not get confused a mucous pseudocyst with that of lumps caused by itching or an insect bite. In order to understand that you have digital myxoid cysts, check for the following , :

Digital myxoid cysts usually develop on the middle or index finger, near the nail. It can split the nail, and cause nail loss.

If the lump near the fingers breaks and a sticky fluid leaks out, it could be a myxoid cyst .

Although the precise and exact reason behind the benign cysts is not known, healthcare professionals have gathered some explanations that shine a light on its cause .

In very rare cases, myxoid cysts can develop due to repetitive finger motion or trauma to the finger or toe (for people under 30) .

It is easy to understand the development of cysts. Your doctor will be able to analyse it by examining the lump but if the cyst arises under the nail, the diagnosis is more difficult. The doctor will advise for a scan or a biopsy for further examinations. The biopsy will include taking a sample from the cyst with a local anaesthetic .

Unless and until the cyst becomes painful or hinders your daily life activities, no treatment is required. However, it is important that you keep an eye on the cyst as it normally does not shrink or get healed by itself .

In many cases, the cysts have resurfaced even after treatments have been carried out. The treatment options for removing cysts are as follows :

With a high success rate of 88 per cent to 100 per cent, surgical treatments are the most recommended treatment option for myxoid cysts. The surgery will remove the cyst and cover the area with a skin flap that closes as it heals .

If the cyst is not too severe, you can try treating it by firmly compressing the area for a few weeks.
Soaking, applying topical steroids and massaging can also help .

Note: Do not try to drain or puncture the cyst at home as it increases the risk of infection.

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